© Aurimas, CC BY-ND 2.0

Wireframes help you quickly ideate and test your ideas. While paper wireframes are the quickest to create, digital wireframes look more polished and presentable. If you are after a pocket-friendly wireframing tool, then look no further!

Depending on whether you prefer browser-based apps or offline desktop apps, how big a project you have on hand and how many people you need to collaborate and share your work with, here are a variety of free wireframing tools for you to choose from. Each has its own advantages and use cases. For the most part, you’ll be able to work with the free apps; however, as your project expands, you may need to upgrade to access additional features or create more documents. …


Headshot of Teresa Torres along with the details of masterclass timings.
Headshot of Teresa Torres along with the details of masterclass timings.
Register for the IxDF MasterClass on Continuous Product Discovery

Conventionally, teams undertake product discovery at the start of building a new product, or as part of big, standalone projects. This is usually a way to validate the team’s assumptions and decisions, rather than a way to discover where product development ought to start from. Many of us are still stuck in a project world. We research to kick off a project, we usability test right before we hand it off to engineers, and our primary means for experimenting is A/B testing.

These methods are better than nothing, but the best product teams are shifting from a project mindset to…


Black and White photograph of a person’s eye
Black and White photograph of a person’s eye

We can probably all agree that accessibility matters — as developers and designers, we want to design digital technology that doesn’t exclude users with disabilities… or anyone else for that matter!

So the question is, why are accessibility considerations one of the first things to get cut from projects when resources or time become scarce?

The reality is many people simply don’t know where to start when it comes to how to make their next product or service accessible. …


A curb cut
A curb cut

Most designers probably agree that accessibility matters: We want to create designs and interfaces that don’t exclude users with disabilities. There are plenty of obvious moral reasons that accessibility matters, but, unfortunately, accessibility considerations are often one of the first things to get cut when resources or time becomes scarce. From a business perspective, it seems reasonable that it’s better to release something that the majority of people will be able to use, than to delay a product or website launch. After all, users with disabilities make up a smaller percentage of the customer group. …


Image of Braille text
Image of Braille text
© Ralph Aichinger, CC BY 2.0

Do you want to get serious about accessibility, but finding it hard to know where to start? Here are 10 principles you can use to get started creating great accessible websites and mobile interfaces right now.

  1. There are four major types of disability — visual, hearing, motor and cognitive. As a beginner, understanding the wide variety of disabilities can get overwhelming. A useful place to start is with visual disability. A majority of accessibility issues can be addressed by accounting for blindness.
  2. Remember to create good alt text (text that describes images). When writing alt text, aim to describe the…


Image source: Pixabay, Public Domain.

Let’s examine a topic we often take for granted to understand what it’s really about. Doing so, you’ll be able to proceed with a broader appreciation of how users engage your designs.

The Overlooked, Misunderstood Nature of Accessibility


Interaction Design Foundation’s Masterclass on How To Be More Efficient with Product Research is on 26 May 2021
Interaction Design Foundation’s Masterclass on How To Be More Efficient with Product Research is on 26 May 2021
Register for the IxDF MasterClass on How To Be More Efficient With Product Research

You’ve carefully planned your research activities, crafted your interview scripts, recruited participants and executed your research plan. As you sift through all your research data, you can almost feel your manager (or client) breathing down your neck — you better have some “aha”-inducing insights and be able to justify all the hours spent on research.

If you work in product research, there’s nothing worse than spending time and effort on a research project only to find that it doesn’t answer vital questions. You want to make informed decisions. However, sometimes research projects wrap with results that breed confusion. Positive responses…


April 9th is National Unicorn Day. In honor of unicorns and aspiring unicorns around the world, the Interaction Design Foundation is offering 25% off on our annual membership. But first, let’s talk about the other animals at work!

A bestiary is a collection of animals, and we don’t want to imply that anyone involved in the UX design profession is an actual animal (well, except for human animals), but there are three animals terms that have become common usage in the UX profession: unicorns, foxes and hedgehogs.

It’s useful to know what each of these terms means because it allows us to talk in a common language — and who knows? Maybe one day, you’ll be a unicorn and you’ll want to share that news with the world.

UX Unicorns


A Blue-tinted photograph of Guthrie Weinschenk.
A Blue-tinted photograph of Guthrie Weinschenk.

As UX designers, we wield immense power to influence our users’ lives. We have the dual responsibility of catering to the interests of our users, as well as that of our sponsors (employers, clients and other business stakeholders). This can sometimes put designers in uncomfortable situations and raise questions about the ethical implications of our work.

From social messaging platforms and games that bombard users with notifications and advertisements, to applications that analyze every aspect of users’ lives to suggest their next workout routine, connect them with people they might have known in the past, or recommend the next news story to read — at what point do digital applications go from convenient, to mildly annoying, to unethical, to downright harmful?

To understand how we can evaluate our work from an ethical perspective and design more responsibly, we interviewed Guthrie Weinschenk.

Guthrie Weinschenk is a Behavioral Economist, Attorney and the COO of The Team W, Inc…


Florence Nightingale’s Rose Diagram showing two charts, comparing the mortality rates of soliders before and after a sanitation drive.
Florence Nightingale’s Rose Diagram showing two charts, comparing the mortality rates of soliders before and after a sanitation drive.
Image Credit: Wellcome Library, London, CC BY 4.0

If you’re not used to figures and statistics, that might seem like one cold, and disturbingly deep, ocean. But before you start worrying about drowning in numbers, think how you can use them to navigate to better places with your designs, and the best vantage points to see your users.

Over the past twelve months or so, numbers and graphs have become a big part of our lives — how many active Covid-19 cases are there in your area? Is the curve flattening? What is the efficacy of the vaccine? …

Rikke Friis Dam

I am co-founder of the Interaction Design Foundation - which specializes in education and career advancement for designers through self-paced online courses.

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